How Many Working Days Are in a Year? (2024)

How Many Working Days Are in a Year? (1)

Whether you are an employee or a small business owner, it can be helpful to calculate the number of working days in a year. Most people are familiar with the total number of days in a year: 365. But how many of those days are working days?

To answer this question requires some calculation, which can be fun for math-heads. But if numbers aren’t your strong suit, take heart: Yes, it’s math, but very straightforward math.

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Contents

  1. How Many Weekdays Are in a Year?
  2. How Does the Calendar Year Affect Working Days?
  3. Factoring in Leap Years
  4. What Are the Federal Holidays?
  5. Adding Paid Time Off
  6. How Many Working Days Are in Each Month?
  7. Why Is It Helpful to Know the Number of Working Days in a Year?
  8. How Many Working Hours Are There in a Year?

How Many Weekdays Are in a Year?

There are approximately 260 weekdays in a calendar year, which you arrive at by multiplying 52 (the number of weeks in a year) with 5 (the number of days that are part of the typical work week, globally speaking).

However, this does not necessarily mean there are 260 workdays in a calendar year year. We need to account for more variables to get a more precise answer.

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How Does the Calendar Year Affect Working Days?

As you’ve probably noticed, not every month starts on the same day. And the same is true of years: it would be simple, perhaps, if every new year began on the first Sunday of the first month, but that’s not how it works in practice.

So to understand the exact number of working days in a year, we need to look at which weekday begins the year, and as well as the last day of the year.

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  • In the year 2024, January first is a Monday. The last day of the year, December 31st, is a Tuesday. This means that the first and the last week of the year both have a Monday and Tuesday, which means that there are 53 of each: 53 Mondays, and 53 Tuesdays.
  • All of the other days of the week are the standard amount of 52.
  • We can add them all up thusly: 53 (Mondays) + 53 (Tuesdays) + 52 (Wednesdays) + 52 (Thursdays) + 52 (Fridays). This simple arithmetic gives us a result of 262.
  • Therefore, we can say that in 2024 we are starting with 262 potential work days.

Factoring in Leap Years

You might be asking about the strange, pesky things known as leap years. And this is an especially relevant question in 2024, since it is indeed a leap year.

A leap year is a year with an extra day. This is because Earth’s journey around the sun isn’t exactly 365 days; it’s actually more like 365.25. To accommodate this irregularity, every fourth year gets an extra day in February.

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Of course, it all depends on what weekday that extra day falls on. In 2024, February 29th is a Thursday, which means there is one extra work day. However, that doesn't change our running tally because we already accounted for the Thursday in our count of the weekdays.

What Are the Federal Holidays?

In the United States, the federal government recognizes 11 public holidays (also known as bank holidays). While this doesn’t mean that every worker will have those days off, many businesses are closed on federal holidays. These days are as follows:

  • New Year’s Day: January 1
  • Martin Luther King’s Birthday: 3rd Monday in January
  • Washington’s Birthday: 3rd Monday in February
  • Memorial Day: last Monday in May
  • Juneteenth National Independence Day: June 19
  • Independence Day: July 4
  • Labor Day: 1st Monday in September
  • Columbus Day (sometimes observed as Indigenous Peoples' Day): 2nd Monday in October
  • Veterans’ Day: November 11
  • Thanksgiving Day: 4th Thursday in November
  • Christmas Day: December 25

It’s important to note that there are other holidays, such as Cesar Chavez Day, which are celebrated by some states but not by all. In the State of California, in 2024, Cesar Chavez Day falls on April 1st, and all schools and state offices are closed in observance of the labor and immigration rights leader.

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If you subtract these from the total we calculated above, that would be:

262 – 11 = 251

So, assuming your business or job observes all federal holidays, you would have 251 working days. If you happened to live in California, and Cesar Chavez Day was one of your paid holidays, you'd have a nice, round 250 working days.

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Adding Paid Time Off

Once you’ve calculated your baseline total of potential work days and subtracted the public holidays, you’ll have a pretty good idea of the total working days in a year.

But, few people will work every single one of those days. Most full time employees have an earned allotment of paid time off, which includes a certain amount of time for vacations, personal time and illness.

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Without paid time off, hardly anyone would get to take a vacation, schedule an appointment at the doctor, or simply take some occasional time to rest and recuperate.

In the United States, many employees will have 10 to 14 paid vacation days after one year of employment. The average number of sick days available is eight.

Let’s say that your job offers 12 days of paid vacation and eight paid sick days. If you use all 12 vacation days, as well as four of those sick days, you will have 16 extra days that you won’t be working (12 + 4 = 16).

Note, however, that since these days are paid, you will technically be earning money on them, even though you won’t be at work.

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How Many Working Days Are in Each Month?

Calculating the working days in different months is difficult to do with any predictability, since the beginning and ending of months fall on different days that change with each year.

So, while you can say with certainty that every January will have 31 days, the amount of working days will depend on what day of the week begins and ends the month.

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In 2024, January starts on a Monday and ends on a Wednesday. That means that the month of January had 23 working days, not counting holidays.

Why Is It Helpful to Know the Number of Working Days in a Year?

Calculating the number of working days in a year has some distinct benefits, such as planning for a healthy work life balance. While many people are aware of the general figures — 52 weeks, 365 days, and so forth — you might not know the actual number of working days in a given calendar year, unless you’re working in the HR department.

Knowing these numbers helps in the following ways.

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  • Planning ahead: When you know how many working days there are in a year, you can subtract that number from the total days in that year, giving you a sense of how many days you won’t be working. This allows you to plan your breaks, which is an important part of achieving a good work-life balance.
  • Calculating your annual income: Whether you are paid hourly or on salary, if you know the total working days available, you can calculate how much you will earn in a given calendar year.
  • Keeping track of yearly expenses: If you’re a business owner, or working in the human resources department of a company, knowing the number of working days in a year allows you to have a precise figure for the labor expenses you will incur.

How Many Working Hours Are There in a Year?

Calculating the average work hours in a year requires another simple equation. The standard work day is eight hours, with the standard weekly work hours being 40.

Therefore, if you want to know how many work hours there are in a year, start with the number of working days. If you multiply that figure by eight, giving you the total working hours.

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If we’re starting from the previously calculated baseline of 251 working days in 2024, we can then make this calculation:

251 x 8 = 2008

That means that the average number of working hours in 2024 is 2,008.

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How Many Working Days Are in a Year? (2024)

FAQs

How Many Working Days Are in a Year? ›

As a rule, a common year

common year
A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366 days.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Common_year
consists of 52 weeks and 260 work days. A leap year may contain an extra work day, so there will be 261 work days. While counting working days, it's also important to remember that there are a number of federal holidays that can be paid days off.

How many actual working days in a year? ›

On average, there are 250 working days in a year. The formula is simple: count the number of weekdays in the year and then subtract the number of holidays. For example, 2023 had 260 weekdays and 11 holidays, resulting in 249 work days.

How many 5-day work days in a year? ›

In general, there are approximately 250-260 working days in a year, assuming a standard 5-day work week and the typical number of public holidays.

How many days does the average person work in a year? ›

How many days - not including holidays and vacation - do full time employees work? In the United States, the number is relatively high, averaging 260 days per year. It can change depending on year. For example, come leap years there is a potential extra workday, should it land during the business week.

How many working days are there from Monday to Friday in a year? ›

In a standard year, there are about 260 five-day (weekday) work days. This is calculated by multiplying 52 weeks in a year by five working days (Monday to Friday). However, this number does not account for public holidays or personal-leave days.

How many working days in 365 days? ›

As a rule, a common year consists of 52 weeks and 260 work days. A leap year may contain an extra work day, so there will be 261 work days.

How many working days are there in the US annually? ›

How many working days in a year? For a traditional five-day workweek, there are 260 working days in a year. Without accounting for time off, that means you spend approximately 71% of your year working.

Does 2080 hours include holidays? ›

Based on an FTE of 1.0, we calculate employees work 2,080 hours per year. This does not include holidays and days of absence. Furthermore, this value is used only as a basis for calculating the annual FTE and reflects the hours of an employee who works 5 days a week, 8 hours a day.

How many work days is 2080 hours? ›

This average results from the fact that there are usually 4 years with 262 workdays (2,096 hours), 17 years with 261 workdays (2,088 hours), and 7 years with 260 workdays (2,080 hours).

How many 8 hour work days in a year? ›

Average Working Hours in a Year: A Breakdown

If you work full-time hours, then the typical workweek is around 40 hours per week. That's 8 hours per day for 5 days a week. There are 52 weeks in a year, so therefore the average number of working hours in a year is 2,080.

What country works the most? ›

Countries with the Longest Workweeks (in hours — ILO 2022):
CountryAvg Weekly Hours Worked 2024 (ILO)
Bhutan54.3
United Arab Emirates52
Lesotho49.5
Qatar48.2
6 more rows

Is working 12 hours a day too much? ›

Working 12 hours a day affects your health considerably in all aspects. In particular, overworking means less personal time that is spent in the office or teleworking. As a result, this can lead to decreased productivity and socializing.

What country works the least hours? ›

Kiribati in the Pacific was the country with the lowest average weekly working hours per employee in 2022, with the most recent value showing that the population of Kiribati worked on average less than 28 hours per week. Second came Vanuatu at nearly 29 hours per week, with Micronesia following in third.

How to calculate working days in a year? ›

There are approximately 260 weekdays in a calendar year, which you arrive at by multiplying 52 (the number of weeks in a year) with 5 (the number of days that are part of the typical work week, globally speaking). However, this does not necessarily mean there are 260 workdays in a calendar year year.

How many days without weekends? ›

211 in a 365 day year that starts and end on weekdays. 211 in a leap year that starts and ends on weekends. 212 in a leap year that starts and ends on weekdays.

How many workdays are there in 2024? ›

In 2024, there will be 251 working days, minus holidays (for a traditional 5-day work week). There are certain factors that influence the number of working days, such as the weekends, holidays, workweek schedule, and vacation days.

How do you calculate actual working days? ›

To calculate the number of working days between two dates, we must follow these steps:
  1. Count the number of days between the two dates.
  2. Subtract the number of weekend days between the two dates.
Jan 18, 2024

How many working days are there in a year in 2024? ›

In 2024, there will be 251 working days, minus holidays (for a traditional 5-day work week). There are certain factors that influence the number of working days, such as the weekends, holidays, workweek schedule, and vacation days.

How many actual work weeks in a year? ›

Every year has 52 weeks; however, with typical annual leave of three to four weeks, the number of actual work weeks is reduced to about 48 or 49. This can vary based on individual employment contracts and company policies.

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